Ganga river - The Detailed Information about Ganga river

Ganga river

Santosh Gairola By   santosh |     Last updated :   27 Feb 2018

The Detailed Information about Ganga river

Ganga river history is associated with most influential rivers of the South Asian continent.

Ganga river history

Ganga river is also the longest river in India which originates from the bottom of the Himalayas.

Ganga river history has the huge impact on India with enormous physical, spiritual, and cultural, influence on every section of society.

Ganga provides water to 11 states of India and nearly about 500 million people are getting nourished by it which makes 40% of India's population.

It is the only river which flows through various states of India and then reaches to Bangladesh.

In the western world river Ganga is known by the name of Ganges.

Information About Ganga river Origin

As defined above Ganga river originates from the bottom of the eastern Himalayas named as Gomukh.

Gomukh is located in the at the bottom of Gangotri Glacier, at the state of Uttarakhand which is known for its beauty and natural resources.

Ganga river starting point

In the Gomukh, river Ganga is known by the name of Bhagirathi.

Ganga journey starts from the glaciers of Gomukh as Bhagirathi and completes to the Bay of Bengal.

Ganges crosses over approx two thousand five hundred kilometers.

  1. Ganga river length - 2,525 km & 1568.962 miles
  2. Ganga river depth - 17 meters & 56 feets

While traveling from Gomukh Uttarakhand, Bhagirathi meets with Alaknanda and becomes Ganga in the sacred town which is known by the name of Devprayag.

Devprayag town name has a sacred meaning.

Dev means Demigods and

Prayag means Union

Straight from the lap of Himalayas while traveling through Rishikesh , first-time river Ganga reaches to the Gangetic Plain at the pilgrimage town of Haridwar.

Haridwar Ganga
Image - copyright to

Ganga journey continues to cities like Mukteshwar, Kannauj, Farukhabad, and Kanpur.

Later on, river Ganga is joined by Ram Ganga which originates from District of Pauri Garhwal, Uttarakhand.

River Ganga joins the river Yamuna at Triveni Sangam at Allahabad.

This is the holy conflux in Hinduism. It is the place wherein every 144 years world biggest fest is organized which is known by the name of MahaKumbh.

After Allahabad Ganga reaches to City of Lord Shiva which is known by the name of Kashi .

Kashi is now known by the name of Varanasi or Banaras. The city of Kashi is famous for it Shiva influence on each and every substance.

Every year millions of devotees visit Manikarnika Ghaat to worship the supreme divine entity, Lord Shiva.

Then river Ganga reaches Mirzapur, Patna, Bhagalpur and after crossing Bhagalpur Ganga reaches to the southern part of the nation.

After West Bengal cities of Murshidabad, Nabadwip, Kolkata, and Howrah, River Ganga enters to Bangladesh and discharge at Sundarban Delta.

Ganga river significance in Hinduism

Ganga is not just a river it is the base of the oldest civilization which is more than 10000+ years old.

Ganga is worshipped as Goddess Ganga in Hinduism.

Every Evening in the spiritual city of Rishikesh, Haridwar, and Kashi, People gather together for offering their prayers to goddess Ganga in Ganga Aarti.

Major aims of the Ganga Aarti is to human welfare by spreading world peace and affection in the world.

Joining Ganga Aarti in the evening is the divine experience.

Every Year many pilgrims like from the different part of the world visit to these holy cities of Kashi and Rishikesh to experience the spiritual gathering.

Ganga is given more importance in the Vedas. In contemporary to River Ganga, two other rivers are also treated with significant levels.

Among these three rivers Ganga is given more importance in the third Vedas.

Megasthenes was the first European traveler who mentioned about river Ganga in his work Indica.

River Ganga is also connected to Lord Rama as Lord Rama stayed some days near the bank of River Saryu which is the Subsidiary of Ganga river.

Hence Ram Naam is associated to River Ganga.

You can easily find numbers of people Chanting Ram Naam near the bank of river Ganga.

Goddess Ganga - Mother Ganga

Ganga is the sacred river in Hinduism. Every year millions of Hindus take holy bath in the river Ganga.

  1. It is believed that without taking a bath in Ganga river you cannot get the Salvation or Moksha.
  2. Every year million people from distinct parts of the country come to pay homage to their ancestor.
  3. They release the ashes of their ancestor in the holy water of Ganga.
  4. They take the deep dip in the river water and cup the river water in the hands and worship their demigods and letting the Ganga waterfall back into the Ganga again.
  5. While going back to home people collect river water in their small utensils which is consider as the holy water.
  6. Ganga water is used on auspicious moments of life like in feast and ceremonies and other important rituals of life including wedding etc.
  7. Ganga water is so pious that it is believed that putting Ganga water in the home brings positive energy to life.

Shiva Ganga story - How Shiva became Gangadhar?


As I have mentioned above Ganga is also known as Bhagirathi. In the past, there was a king named Sagar. He was regarded as one of the most powerful kings.

For increasing his strength he organized a Yagya (ritual) known by the name of Ashwamedha Yagya.

In Ashwamedha Yagya, a horse is set free for grazing. As long as horse keep grazing, the king as an owner of the horse becomes an owner of the horse grazing land.

When the king of demi-god Indra Saw the increasing influence of Sagar he tried to trick King Sagar by stolen his Yagya horse and secretly tied on the door of sage Kapil.

When King Sagar came to know that his Yagy horse is in Ashram of sage Kapil. He ordered his 60,000 sons to bring back the horse and teach a hard lesson to sage Kapil.

After reaching the Ashram they tried to assault Sage Kapil by using inappropriate words for him. Sage Kapil wrath vanished all the son of Sagar.

Anshuman the grandson of Sagar tried to apologize to sage Kapil for his ancestor's karma.

Sage Kapil advised that only water of river Ganga can give Moksha to his ancestors. Sage told to Anshuman that Ganga river water is pure and divine.

But getting river Ganga on earth was a difficult task since Ganga was a heavenly river.

Anshuman tried to worship Lord Brahma for his ancestor's moksha but failed miserably.

Dilip son of Anshuman Worship Lord Brahma to help him to bring river Ganga to earth. Unfortunately, he also get failed and transfers his responsibility to his son Bhagirath

Bhagirath accomplishes the task by pleasing Lord Brahma. Brahma gets pleased with the hardest penance of Bhagirath.

He puts a condition to Bhagirath that Ganga flow is so strong that earth might get shatter by Ganga water pressure.

At last Brahma advised Bhagirath to seek help from omniscient Shiva who is also known for his simplicity as Bholenath.

Only Shiva can hold the pressure of Ganga.

Bhagirath goes to the abode of Shiva Mount Kailash and requests Shiva to help him.

He asks Shiva to capture Ganga flow in his matted hair locks coil.

Shiva as simplest of Simple God get's agreed to hold Goddess Ganga on his hair locks for the humanitarian cause.

Descent of the Ganges on the earth

Descent of the Ganges on the earth

Brahma lifts his kamandal (utensils used by sages to hold alms) and releases the flow of Ganga water and Shiva get's ready to hold the Ganga in his hair locks.

By holding Ganga tremendous pressure Shiva captures the Ganga on his head hair locks and Slowly-Slowly opens his first coil of hair locks.

A stream of Ganga originates from the Shiva's head.

Shiva gives another name to Ganga as Bhagirathi for Bhagirath incredible efforts to bring heavily river to earth.

Shiva himself becomes GANGADHAR which means the one who holds river Ganga.

Ganga gives salutation and thanks to Shiva for holding her in his hair locks.

Ganga tells to Shiva that he made Ganga equivalent to Moon Crescent on his head.

Ganga and Shiva

Shiva states that Ganga water is the pious and Moksha giver.

It is the reason why I gave well deserving space to Ganga on my hair coil. Humans will get nirvana or moksha by the water of river Ganga.

Ganga will become the medium for reflection of energies from one dimension to another. Ganga will also initiate the new beginning of the life or civilization on its bank.

Ganga will have an immense strength of sin destruction. It will be able to destroy any kind of sin or evil from her holy water.

Even after cleaning the sin of people Ganga will remain pious and pure. Ganga will keep free this earth from bad happening.

Lord Shiva Ganga

Bhagirath takes the pledge to protect Ganga.

Bhagirath Thanks to Shiva for holding Ganga on his head. Shiva warns Bhagirath that in coming epochs human will become self-destructive by indulging more to materialistic life.

They will start forgetting that Vairagya is the easiest way to purify soul and karma which leads to scarcity of the water resource on earth.

Water will become valuable gem hence will result in war. In such conditions, only water of Ganga will keep alive human faith.

I want you to take an oath of Ganga protection. It will be your responsibility to protect Ganga purity, dignity and flow. Bhagirath takes the pledge to protect Ganga.

Ganga stream starts following Bhagirath steps and reaches to the Ashram of sage Kapila where he gives Moksha to his 60,000+ ancestors and rest of humanity.

Ganga river pollution - the Major issue of river Ganges.

Even today in the current modern era of Hinduism every task is accomplished with water of holy Ganga. Ganga which is not only a river to us.

Ganga is our divine mother who nourishes every spectrum of life without seeing any limitations is facing the biggest irony of being called the topmost 9 polluted rivers according to help save nature.

Social Message - Regarding Ganga river

Ganga river whose river water we take to our home with so much faith is dealing with 21 Million tonnes of wastage which is dumped to river Ganga on daily basis. Isn't we insulting the divine boon of Lord Shiva and penance of Bhagirath?

Ganga seems to be exhausted in many places and Ganga defeat will be our defeat.

The defeat of the oldest civilization and defeat of the humanity.

Ganga river Pollution issue

Various Government and nongoverment organizational movements are taking place to save River Ganga.

  1. Save Ganga movement

    Save Ganga Movement - is the most supported movement by the Hindu sage and popular social activists Community across the country.

  2. Prime minister Modi has made a major agenda to clean the river Ganga at any cost.

    Pm is doing everything to make people aware about Cleanness.

    He launched the Campaign of Swach Bharat Abhiyan which means Clean India.

    Clean Ganga Project is one those top projects of India's govt which is associated with Ganga cleaning.

    Clean Ganga project presents "The Ganga Action Plan" which is the part of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

  3. On the Daily basis, Pm Modi office is taking advice on the govt portal designed for Indian citizens

    Portal helping govt to take suggestions from common people to what can be done on making Ganga Nadi cleaner.

  4. National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG) Namami Gange Hon’ble Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, laid the foundation stone for four sewerage projects under the Namami Gange programme, at Mokama.

  5. Rally for Rivers - Campaign organized by Sadhguru and team to save rivers of India. Ganga is his primary focus.

Responsibility of River water Consumers

We all are consumers of water and river water is primary source of our water need.
  1. Since from the beginning of everything. Rivers did everything for us they protected us and Nourished us.

    Time has come we should come forward to give return back to the rivers by not dumping the wastage to the Rivers.
  2. By planting more tree on the bank of the rivers. When there will be enough trees on the bank of the river; its basin will become more fertile.

    The river will be able to Nourish more habitats means more life.
  3. BY helping govt organizations by giving them suggestions and following rules.
  4. Helping others by educating them about the importance of clean river water or spreading awareness about issues related to river pollution.
  5. Stopping others to dump the wastage into river water. This is the best thing we can do. We need to understand that pure air and clean water resource is the best gift we could give to next generation.


Ganga is the sacred river which starts from the bottom of the eastern Himalayas and discharges at Sundarbans delta to the Bay of Bengal.

Ganga River has the cultural or spiritual impact on Indian society.

Ganga is not just a river. Ganga is the divine mother which is nourishing the humanity since its birth.

Bhagirath made it possible to bring Ganga to earth from the heaven. In which Shiva helped Bhagirath to bring holy river Ganga to earth.

Ganga is facing the issue of 9 most polluted river water. Govt and non-govt agencies are working hard to protect the cleanness of Ganga but it is our responsibility to protect it for the future generation.

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