Bull Nandi

Bull nandi

Santosh Gairola   By   santosh |  updated :   29 march 2018
Bull Nandi is the vehicle of Lord Shiva. On this post, we will explore all the aspects of bull Nandi and why Nandi is too dear to Mahadev Lord of Lord.

Who is Bull Nandi?

Bull Nandi is the exemplification of righteousness, courage, strength, and reverence.

Bull Nandi is an integral part of Shiva personification. There is no match for Nandi devotion for Shiva.

He is white in color and regarded as one of the biggest selfless devotees of Bholenath.

Nandi lives in the mount Kailash abode of Shiva where he serves Shiva with his full heart.

Nandi is a meditative bull who admires and follows all the qualities of Lord Shiva.

Shiva understands the reverence of Nandi for him. It is the reason Shiva has given special place to Nandi on Kailash Parvat.

Bull Nandi is the anthropomorphic bull of Maheshwara who is lightning fast and strong.

Shiva's bull Nandi can take complete bull guise or semi-human form according to his wish.

Whenever Shiva devotees seek helps from Shiva, Nandi is always the first one who comes in mystic form to help Bhootnath devotees.

The significance of bull Nandi

Shiva is the superpowerful and primary form of divine entity in Sanatana Dharma who is known for his Simplicity and Vairagya .

Vairagya means dispassion from the materialistic world. Hence Shiva requires a vehicle who is strong enough to handle his dispassion.

In the Indian societies, Bull is always a paradigm of courage, valor, and dispassion who hardly stays in families cattle dimension.

Bulls like to grazes freely, hence Nandi Bull is perfect for Shiva Vahana (vehicle)

Demon king Ravana is regarded as one of the greatest devotees of Lord Shiva who created shiv tandav stotram in reverence of Lord Shiva but Nandi place is too high in comparison to Ravana.

Shiva is always calm and Dhyaanyuktam means meditating. Hence Nandi is the primary patron and gatekeeper of mount Kailash on behalf of Lord Shiva.

Nandi is also one of the disciples of Shiva, Nandi took all the necessary knowledge from Shiva hence he follows all the teaching of Lord Shiva.

Shiva taught him all the war art and skills. Time to time various warriors trained by Nandi for war preparation.

Shiva's Son Kartekeya and great warrior sage Parshuram is also one of them who practiced warrior skills with Nandi under the excellent guidance of Shiva.

Origin and story of nandi bull

Once upon a time, there was a farmer named Shilada. He was a devotee of Shiva. Every day he used to meditate upon Lord Shiva.

One day he realized that there is no one else in his family who could lead his name because he didn't have any children.

Shilada decides to perform austerity upon Shiva. By seeing his efforts and reverence, Shiva appears in front of him.

Shiva had matted hair coils and river Ganga was in his matted hair locks.

Adorned with the beads of Rudraksha. The charm of Shiva was mesmerizing.

Shilada was very happy and had an ecstatic feeling of seeing Lord Shiva.

Shiva asked Shilada to take some kind of boon in return for his penance. Shilada replies that "Oh my Lord. I wish to have a Son "

Shiva grants Shilada wish and disappears. Next day Shilada founds a Son in his farms while plowing fields.

Shilada raises the son as the boon of Shiva.

He names him Nandi. Nandi was an ideal son, when he grew younger he started taking care of his father and his farms.

Since from the early age Nandi had great reverence for Shiva.

One day both Son and father invited two sages Mitra and Varuna in their home. They organized fest for them.

When sages saw the forehead of Nandi they felt depressed. Shilada noticed the sudden change in the face of sages.

So in private, he enquired about the reason of sages stress. Both sages revealed that your son Nandi is the short-age boy.

Soon your son Nandi will leave this world.

This made sad to Shilada. When he returned home Nandi asked the reason for his sadness.

After knowing about his death projections Nandi calms down his father.

He replies to his father that Birth and death are under Shiva control and he has full faith in Shiva.

Nandi takes permission from his father to perform austerity upon Shiva and reaches to the bank of the river Bhuvana.

He enters in the mid of the river for his austerity upon Shiva. Water was freezing cold but Nandi faith was true on Shiva.

Nandi performed the hardest penance for many years. Shiva appears in front of him and asks

Shiva - "What boon do you seek from me, Nandi?"

Nandi - "Oh my great Lord, I want to stay with you always"

Shiva smiles and gives his consent to Nandi for letting him stay in Kailash as his vehicle, friend, and devotee.

When Shilada comes to known about Nandi Boon. He was very happy that his son will stay alive and keep serving Lord Shiva.

Nandi lovable Connection with Lord Shiva Family

After getting permission to stay in Kailash.

Nandi started taking care of Kailash and his responsibilities get increase among gans of Shiva.

In that era goddess, Shakti took incarnation in Daksha house as his daughter Sati.

Nandi noticed that Shiva is always calm and meditating who never shows any kind of sentiments or interest in the Maya.

Nandi was the first one who noticed Shiva's untold agony of being dissected with his Shakti.

He discussed Shiva's hidden sorrow with his fellow Ganas but nobody took his view seriously. This realization made Nandi Sad.

Shiva is like a father to him, he always observed silence of Kailash. This silence of Kailash made him restless few times.

Bull discussed the issue with sage Narada.

Narada made Nandi aware of Shiva and Shakti dissection which took place for the creation of the world.

Sage Narada also discussed regarding incarnation of Shakti as goddess Sati who took birth to marry Shiva.

Nandi starts supporting Goddess Sati to get her married to Shiva but Shiva ignores Sati's true love.

One day Nandi collects strength to discuss the matter of goddess Sati with Shiva but Shiva scolds him.

Shiva tells to Nandi

"Nandi what will you do if ever you had to get apart from me"

Nandi starts weeping and seeks apologies from Shiva.

Next day Nandi's father Shilada reaches to Kailash and shares his trouble in handling farm alone and request Shiva to take Nandi get back home.

Shiva calls Nandi and gives permission to Shilada to take Nandi with him. But Nandi refuses to return home.

Shiva tells to Nandi "Dear Nandi you have served me well enough now it's time to return home & serve your father Shilada.

He is getting aged and it is your responsibility to serve him as well. You should go with him"

A cold breeze starts flowing matted hair of Shiva behind his shoulder. Nandi starts weeping his heart gets melt.

While going with his father Nandi returns to Shiva and tells

"I know my Lord you are still angry with me, I will not discuss anything but please let me stay here only."

Shiva tells "Nandi I m not angry with you, your father needs you, my dear son, You should go with him"

Nandi returns home with his father.

Few days get passed, Shiva was meditating and gans were feeling depressed after Nandi departure from Kailash.

Few more days gets passed Shilada comes running to Kailash and falls down to the feet of Shiva.

He requests Shiva to take Nandi back to Kailash. Shiva opens his eyes from meditation and makes Shilada stand up on his feet.

Shilada tells to Shiva

" Oh my lord I did a massive mistake of taking my son back to farms. He had not eaten anything for past few days.

Neither he is sleeping nor completely awake. I don't know what to do, he will get die, my lord, if he stays there.

In my self-interest as a father, I forgot about the reason behind Nandi's birth.

Please take him back to Kailash in your service as doorman my Lord. Otherwise, he will stop living. "

Shiva gives his consent to take Nandi Back to Kailash.

Shiva appears to Shilada farms, Nandi was sitting over a rock unconscious. Shiva takes his name Nandi.

Nandi moves immediately to the feet of Shiva and speaks nothing.

Shiva tells to Nandi "Are you angry at me Nandi?"

Nandi replies "No my Lord, Never."

few teardrops come from Nandi eyes and fall on Shiva's feet.

Shiva tells to Nandi

"Enough rest you have done here Nandi time to get back to Home Kailash but before that Today I want to bless another boon to you.

Whenever my any devotee will say anything in your ears his prayers will reach to me immediately. "

Nandi gets 's blessed and returns to Kailash.

Later on, Shiva and Sati wedding delighted the bull Nandi. According to Bull Nandi after Shiva and Sati wedding Kailash was got complete for him.

When Goddess Sati argued Shiva to attend the Yagna ceremony organized by her father. Shiva tried to stop Sati before going to the ceremony.

But Sati vows to Shiva that whatever will happen there Shiva will appear after that.

On that precious time, Shiva was aware of what will happen in the ceremony.

Shiva decides to send Goddess Sati with his bull Nandi as her patron.

On the ceremony, Daksha defames Shiva in publically. Nandi tries to stop Daksha but Goddess Sati stops him.

Goddess orders Nandi to not get in between a father and daughter.

By seeing the issue getting raise Nandi senses inauspiciousness there and runs towards Kailash to Inform Shiva about the matter.

After seeing Daksha hated for her husband Mahadev, she decides to leave the human body.

Unfortunately, this union of Shiva and Sati didn't get successful and Sati had to leave the human body through Yog Shakti in the Yagna of Daksha.

After the loss of Sati, Daksha faces the consequences where Veerbharadra, Goddess BadraKaili along with Shiva Ganas including Nandi and other ghost attacks the Yagna to destroy it.

The most fearsome form of Shiva, Veerbhadra decapitated Daksha head.

In the last moment, Daksha chants Om Namah Shivaya.

After that Shiva appears the Yagna and on the request of Daksha spouse, Prasuti and her daughters.

Shiva gives goat head to Daksha and blessed life to him.

Later Shiva takes Sati body with him and roams in the entire universe. By seeing Shiva grief Lord Vishnu cuts Sati's body into 52 parts.

Every place where each body part fell is known as Shakti Peetha.

They are the sacred pilgrims in Sanatana Dharma.

Shiva appointed Bhairava to protect each Shakti Pettha and indulged himself in the Vairagya again.

Bull Nandi followed Shiva everywhere on his journey and after reaching to the Himalayas where Shiva was meditating in a cave.

He sat outside the Cave waiting for Shiva to come out of the penance.

After the loss of Sati, Shakti took the second incarnation as Goddess Parvati.

She was the daughter of mountain King Himavan and queen Mainawati.

At a very young age, she liked chanting Panchakshari mantra Om Namah Shivaya.

She did the toughest penance to make Shiva come out of Vairagya.

In between Nandi requested Goddess Parvati to Pray in his ears.

So that Shiva could listen to the feelings and emotions of the goddess for him.

After crossing so many social, psychological, higher intellectual, Yogic and physiological barriers Parvati finally achieved Shiva as husband.

Once When Lord Shiva decapitated Lord Ganesha head that time Nandi was sent to the jungle by Shiva to bring any animal head which could be put on Ganesha head.

The Bull Nandi returned with the head of the dead baby elephant with him.

Shiva put elephant head on Ganesha.

Hence Ganesh is the elephant head auspicious lord.

Bull Nandi is also the symbolism of eternal waiting.

Shiva temples are called Shivalayas.

Before you go to any temple of Shiva; you will meet Nandi Sitting outside the temple.

It signifies that to meet Shiva you have to go through Nandi.

To get shiva's blessing devotees speaks their wish in the ears of Nandi bull, sitting outside the Shiva temples.


This post is based on Bull Nandi character and various aspect.

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